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How to Properly Dose Edibles

There is no shortage of reasons to cook with cannabis. It’s a different high, it last longer using less weed, and it removes carcinogens from the equation. Because of the way we metabolize the THC when it enters our body through ingestion even season smokers become lightweights.

One of the biggest rookie mistakes is not measuring the amount of THC That is going to be in a serving. Most people don’t even think about dosing at all. If you’re new to edibles, it’s best to start at around 5-10mg per serving till you learn how your body reacts. It’s also important you wait at least 45 minutes after ingestion before trying anymore.

Using the cannabis cooking calculator by, THCoverdose: https://thcoverdose.com/cannabis-cooking-calculator/ , you can quickly plan the dosage of your recipe. But, you can do the math on your own too.

For starters, you need to know the amount of THC that is in your flower. Cannabis that is sold at dispensaries is lab tested and will be properly labeled. If you grow your own, however, you’re not so lucky. If this is you, use a base of 10% THC for average and 15-21% for really high-grade
cannabis.

Now, let’s say your recipe will make ten cookies, you want to use 2 grams of cannabis, and your bud has a THC percentage of 10%. To figure out how strong your cookies will be you multiply 2 (amount of bud) by 1000 to get the total milligrams, then multiply that .10 (THC percentage), and you’ll have the total amount of THC you’ll be using. Divide this number by the number of servings, and you’ll find that your cookies will each have 20mg of THC.

If you’re new to cooking with cannabis, you need to remember to take it slow and be patient. And, make sure not to grind up your flower to finely. A more coarse grind will help deter the some of the chlorophyll taste.

A lot of beginners also don’t realize the importance of decarboxylation and how much stronger it can make their edibles. See, raw cannabis isn’t psychoactive. The chemical compound on the plant is THCA until it’s activated and turn into THC, it’s psychoactive counterpart. Well, what
activates THC? Heat.

While most of the THCA will activate during the process of cooking butter, you’re leaving THC on the table by not decarboxylating beforehand. Make your edibles better by placing your cannabis on a cooking tray and baking it for 30-40 minutes at 240°F stirring every 10 minute before using it for your recipe.

You also have to think about the potential loss of cannabinoids during both decarboxylation and handling. This loss could make your edibles weaker than you planned. Unless you send edibles to get lab tested you’ll never know the exact dosage, but use the cooking calculator as a
guide, and you’ll be able to get your edibles to the potency you desire.

Tony Hand Jr
Editor-in-Chief | THCoverdose.com

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How to Make Cannabis Gummies

Gummies and edibles, in general, are a great way to consume cannabis as they are very discrete. You don’t end up smelling like cannabis when you consume edibles. Also, it’s better for your lungs, as you aren’t inhaling toxic smoke, but instead consuming a delicious treat!

The first step to almost all edibles is to make canna-butter! See our How to make Cannabis Butter article HERE to learn how to make your own delicious butter! As well as How to Properly Dose Edibles HERE.

Here’s what you will need to make these fantastic gummies:

1/4 cup weed-infused coconut oil

1/2 cup water

1 oz unflavored gelatin

1 package of Jell-O (6 oz pick your favorite flavour!)

Silicone molds

(Check out Amazon for silicone molds or Dollarama carries them as well!)

DIRECTIONS

1. Bring the oil and water to a low boil in a saucepan over medium-high heat, stirring constantly.

2. Add the plain gelatin in one-two packets at a time, stirring until it’s incorporated.

3. Add the Jell-O mix and stir for about five minutes until fully combined and the mix starts to come to a rolling boil.

4. From here, move quickly as the mix will start to set quickly.

5. Spray your silicone molds with cooking spray. Next you will want to pour your mixture into the moulds. (Pro tip: a glass measuring cup with a pour spout will work best for pouring.)

6. Cool in the fridge for at least an hour, then pop the candies out of the mold and store them in an airtight container in the fridge.

TIP

Always remember to start slow and low. The following are some great videos and articles should check out before consuming edibles (link to our YouTube videos and other articles about edibles and how to dose properly.)

Recipe inspired by: https://www.inlander.com/spokane/this-sweet-edible-gummy-recipe-will-give-you-something-to-chew-on/Content?oid=11082062

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Easy Vanilla Cannabis Cupcakes

Who doesn’t like an easy recipe? Make this recipe even easier by purchasing store bought pre-made cupcake mixture and adding your cannabis butter into the recipe!

This recipe makes 30 mini cupcakes. You can dose the cupcakes depending on your preference to your by following our how to calculate dosing article HERE.  Not sure how to make cannabis butter? We have an article for that too! (Click HERE)

For the recipe you will need:

1 cup flour

1/4 tsp Salt

1 tsp baking soda

1/4 cup softened butter

1/2 cup sugar

1 egg

1/2 cup milk

1 tsp vanilla

Pre-made icing

Sprinkles  

Directions:

1. Preheat oven to 375 F and line muffin cups with papers.

2. Cream butter and sugar till light and fluffy (make sure the butter is room temperature, so the mixture doesn’t clump) Beat in eggs one at a time.

3. Add flour (mixed with baking powder and salt) alternating with milk beat well; stir in vanilla.

4. Divide evenly among mini cupcake pans and bake for 15-19 minutes.

Take the pans our of the oven and let it cool for a few minutes. Add icing, sprinkles and enjoy!

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Ontario Cities That Opted-Out of Cannabis Stores

By: Kylie Osinga

Ever wonder how many Ontario Cities Opted Out of Cannabis Stores? Wonder no more because we have all the info on who opted in and out of having a cannabis retail store in their city!

In April, cannabis retail stores began opening across Ontario. Prior to this, the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (AGCO) allowed municipalities to vote on whether they would permit marijuana retail stores. 377 said yes, while 77 municipalities opted out of cannabis retail stores.

According to the AGCO, cities that opted out can reconsider in the future, but cities that opted in can’t change their decision. If the municipality did not vote at all, cannabis stores were automatically permitted.

In early January, a retail licence lottery selected 25 entries to open the first shops in April. Licences for shops can only be used in communities that have a population greater than 50,000.

Since legalization in October, the only legal way to purchase marijuana is on the Ontario Cannabis Store (OCS) online website or through Licensed Producers if you are prescribed medical cannabis.

The following is a list of places that have either opted in or opted out of allowing cannabis retail stores:
Municipalities in Ontario that have opted for Cannabis Retail Stores:
• Township of Dawn-Euphemia
• Municipality of Highlands East
• Township of Nairn and Hyman
• Township of the North Shore
• Township of Plummer Additional
• Township of Prince
• Township of Armour
• Township of East Ferris
• Township of Johnson
• Township of Spanish
• Township of Tarbutt
• City of Elliot Lake
• City of Greater Sudbury
• Town of Latchford
• Township of South Stormont
• Municipality of Trent Lakes
• Township of Tudor and Cashel
• Municipality of Bluewater
• Municipality of Chatham-Kent
• City of Clarence-Rockland
• Township of Ear Falls
• City of Guelph
• Town of Huntsville
• Town of Iroquois
• Municipality of Leamington
• Town of Marathon
• Township of North Frontenac
• City of Ottawa
• City of Hamilton
• Kitchener and Waterloo
• Township of Zorra
• City of Owen Sound
• City of Sarnia
• City of Toronto
• City of London
• City of Kingston
• Town of Smiths Falls
• Municipality of Trent Hills

Municipalities that have opted out:
• Town of Erin
• Township of Frontenac Islands
• Town of Ingersoll
• Township of King
• Township of Lake of the Woods
• City of Markham
• City of Mississauga
• Township of Papineau-Cameron
• Township of Centre Wellington
• Township of Dorion
• Municipality of Northern Bruce Peninsula
• Township of Southgate
• Town of Tecumseh
• Township of West Lincoln

For the full list of municipalities that have opted in or out go to the AGCO website (HERE)

Many places that opted out claimed they want to wait to see what happens in the legal cannabis market before committing to allowing retail stores.

One question remains; will the combination of opting in or out and limited storefronts result in the black market thriving in these areas?

Interested in getting authorized for medical cannabis? Contact our clinic at 1-844-312-5143 or fill out our intake package (HERE)

Resources: List of municipalities from Global news read the full article here.

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What is Cannabinol (CBN)?

What is Cannabinol? And, why does this lesser known cannabinoid, found in only trace amounts in the plant, sound so oddly familiar to your ears?

Think for a second about the full name for THC. You may not know it off of the top of your head, but it’s likely that at least once in life, you have heard the word “tetrahydrocannabinol,” as the full scientific label for THC. Pull the word tetrahydrocannabinol apart, and you will spot the mention of our title cannabinoid, CBN, right there at the end. This is, of course, not a coincidence, as cannabinol (CBN) is a molecule that is not made directly from the cannabis plant, but instead, actually comes from the chemical breakdown of THC.

Cannabinoid molecules in the cured raw (unheated) plant occur in their acidic forms (CBGA, THCA, CBDA, CBCA, etc.). The process of applying heat to these acidic molecules initiates a chemical reaction known as decarboxylation, which will then transform the chemicals into their active forms (CBG, THC, CBD, CBC). The oxidation (exposure to air) of THC can then convert THC into CBN. In other words, decarbed weed, exposed to air over time will accumulate higher levels of CBN. The second way to convert THCA to CBN involves an oxidation reaction first, and then a decarboxylation. Exposure to air converts THCA into CBNA, then, by heating this degraded bud, you will break the acid chain and end up with CBN.

CBN has some very mild psychoactive properties and only seems to partially interact with the endocannabinoid system. However, very little research has been done on CBN on its own, therefore very little is known about its properties and its metabolism in humans.

What Can CBN Do?

THC and CBN differ by only 4 hydrogen atoms, and consequently the compounds tend to be quite similar in certain ways. Like a lot of other cannabinoids, including THC, CBN is beneficial as an anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-convulsant, pain-reliever, and appetite-stimulant. There is also evidence that CBN might help promote the growth of bone cells, and hence could speed up healing in bone fractures. CBN also has benefits when applied topically; it seems to have a cooling effect on burns, and it could also be responsible for a lot of the positive effects that cannabis topicals have on regulating skin growth in psoriasis.

However, there are a couple of ways that CBN differs greatly from THC. The psychoactive THC molecule is known to produce very stimulating effects, THC will make you feel euphoric and excited, make your heart race, and keep you quite stimulated. CBN on the other hand is known to be very sedating and has effects that will decrease your heart rate and relax you. This means, that similar to CBD, CBN has properties that are friendly to insomniacs. Also, as I have mentioned before, CBN is not known to be especially psychoactive, and its cerebral effects should be limited to some mild disorientation or grogginess.

Why CBN … and not CBD?

If CBN is scarce, obscure, and hard to find, why is this particular cannabinoid even important? That is, if most of the properties of CBN are already present in either THC or CBD, AND if THC and CBD are both easy to find in today’s legal market, why should one care to be informed about CBN?

The answer to this lies in CBN’s unparalleled sedative abilities. Even though CBN is found in only trace amounts in cannabis, it is the cannabinoid that is most responsible for the plant’s ability to put you to sleep (and keep you there).

According to some research from Steep Hill Labs, with respect to its sedative abilities, one 5mg dose of CBN is about as effective as 10mg of diazepam (Valium). What this means for sufferers of insomnia, is that 5mg of cannabinol has the ability to be a potent and side-effect-free alternative to many potentially harmful sleep aid medications.

The best possible way to use cannabis as a sleep aid, is to look for strains that are high in THC, high in CBN, and high in the terpene myrcene. This combination of cannabinoids and terpenes will produce the most sedating results possible from cannabis flower.

Where Can I Find CBN?

Even though CBN is relatively rare, if you have been following along in my text, you will have possibly deduced some potential sources for it.

CBN results from the degradation of cured cannabis, or in plain nonformal English, it comes from old weed. If you understood the science of oxidation and decarboxylation, you would note that there are two ways to get CBN from your bud over time. The first would be just to let your unused bud sit exposed to air for a significant period, and then burn that dried up schwag when you’re ready for some good rest. The second would be to decarb your bud by vaping it, letting those decarbed buds sit over time, and then either re-vaping, or preferably, cooking with it.

However, even though you don’t know me, you should know that I am much too much of a connoisseur to smoke musty old herb, and I have some more refined sources of CBN as well…

One of my recent favourite bed-time treats has been a high-CBN extract known as Cherry Oil.

And when my brain really needs a knockout punch, the best possible solution is a potent medical concoction of CBN Phoenix Tears.

Although, it will be some time before high-potency extracts such as hash oils and Phoenix Tears make their way over to the legal/recreational market. And so, for the time being, non-medical insomniacs may just have to rely on their stale buds to get them through the night.

Harpreet Samra

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Can you Fly with Cannabis in Canada?

In Canada, it is now legal to fly with cannabis. Travelers can carry up to 30 grams on domestic flights either packed in checked or carry-on baggage.

Laws are different in each province, so it’s important to look into this before travelling. For instance, Quebec and Alberta area the only provinces where the legal age for cannabis is 18 and not 19.

The laws are still the same regarding smoking; you cannot smoke or vape cannabis or any other substance on flights.

Something to keep in mind is that cannabis oil is subject to the same regulations as liquids; they must be under 100 ml and in a clear plastic bag. It is important to check if your flight has a lay-over in the United States as the laws of their country still apply. Even if you are not planning on landing in the US, extreme weather or another emergency might require a flight to divert and land in a US airport. In this case you could be criminally charged and/or get a lifetime ban from the country. Even if you’re coming to or from a state where cannabis has been legalized, you cannot bring the product with you when you return to Canada. Transporting medical cannabis between different countries is also illegal.

Next time you travel, instead of bringing your cannabis with you, you may want to purchase some legal product at your destination to avoid legal consequences.

Travelers are responsible for learning about the laws of the countries they may be visiting or potentially land in.

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What is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC for short is a crystalline compound that is the main active ingredient of cannabis. It was first isolated in 1964 by a scientists Raphael Mechoulam and Yechiel Gaoni at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel.

THC is what is known as a cannabinoid. These are chemical compounds found in cannabis that interact with receptors in the brain and body. There are many cannabinoids in cannabis, but THC is the most widely known. It is the psychoactive compound in cannabis and is what gets you high.

Humans (and many other animals) have receptor systems that THC binds to. This system is called the endocannabinoid system. THC works by binding to the cannabinoid receptors in the brain and central nervous system.

THC is almost structurally identical to a natural chemical in our brains called anandamide, which is the human body’s natural occurring cannabinoid. Because THC structurally mimics an anandamide, it can affect regions of the brain associate with things like behavior and mood, memory, thinking, coordination, concentration, movements, and time perception.

THC also floods the brain with dopamine, which can make some users feel relaxed and euphoric. However, it affects everyone differently, while some users may experience feeling calm, it may increase anxiety levels for others. The reasoning is because everyone’s body chemistry is different. As well, different strains will contain varying amounts of THC, and will therefore affect the user differently. While one strain may have an unpleasant outcome, there many be another strain that could affect the user in a positive way.

THC Ingestion

THC is non-intoxicating unless it undergoes a process called decarboxylation, this occurs when you heat cannabis.

THC can be ingested or used in many ways. Some ways include: smoking, vaping, edibles, tinctures, creams and topicals (for ant-inflammation of joints and muscles.)

Important Note: Ingesting too much THC can lead to many adverse effects and an unpleasant experience. It is recommended to go low and slow when starting to ingest THC. Remember that a cannabis high will eventually wear off.

Medicinal Benefits of THC

Here are a few conditions that THC may help treat:

  • Chronic Pain
  • Insomnia
  • Inflammation
  • Anxiety and Depression
  • PTSD
  • Arthritis
  • Cancer
  • Nausea
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Endometriosis

There are many more conditions that people use cannabis to treat. As research continues to progress after legalization, it is the hope that more will be learned about the many medical benefits of cannabis.

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